Former agriculture impacts on properties of Norway spruce forest

  • D. Kacalek Forestry and Game Management Research Institute. Opoc˘no Research Station. Na Olive˘ 550.
  • D. Dusek Forestry and Game Management Research Institute. Opoc˘no Research Station. Na Olive˘ 550.
  • J. Novak Forestry and Game Management Research Institute. Opoc˘no Research Station. Na Olive˘ 550.
  • M. Slodicak Forestry and Game Management Research Institute. Opoc˘no Research Station. Na Olive˘ 550.
  • J. Bartos Forestry and Game Management Research Institute. Opoc˘no Research Station. Na Olive˘ 550.
  • V. Cernohous Forestry and Game Management Research Institute. Opoc˘no Research Station. Na Olive˘ 550.
  • V. Balcar Forestry and Game Management Research Institute. Opoc˘no Research Station. Na Olive˘ 550.
Keywords: afforestation, land use, legacy of agriculture, Picea abies (L.) Karst.


Forest floor is considered a major feature distinguishing forest from agricultural soils. Forest floor develops as forest stands grow and is composed of more or less altered plant-tissue biomass accumulated on the soil surface. Our study’s aim was to find whether properties of both the organic layers and mineral soil differ according to the land-use history of the sites compared. Each site included an afforested area of immature 50-year-old spruce forest (AFF) on formerly agricultural land plus an adjacent area of old-growth 100-year-old spruce stand (FOR). The localities are situated at altitudes ranging between 600 and 850 metres above sea level. From the results of our study it can be concluded that both forest floor and mineral soil had higher pH and Ca concentration at formerly agricultural sites. C/N ratio is significantly lower in afforested soil. First-generation humus was significantly higher in phosphorus.


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How to Cite
Kacalek, D., Dusek, D., Novak, J., Slodicak, M., Bartos, J., Cernohous, V., & Balcar, V. (2011). Former agriculture impacts on properties of Norway spruce forest. Forest Systems, 20(3), 437-443.
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