Morpho-physiological response of Acacia auriculiformis as influenced by seawater induced salinity stress

  • Md Anamul Haque Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur – 1706.
  • Md. Mezanur Rahman Department of Agroforestry and Environment, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur – 1706.
  • Sheikh Arafat Islam Nihad Department of Crop Botany, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur – 1706.
  • Md. Ruhul Amin Howlader Department of Agroforestry and Environment, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur – 1706.
  • Md. Mahmudul Hasan Akand Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur – 1706.
Keywords: Salt stress, halophytes, growth parameters, WUC, exudation rate, membrane stability.


Aim of the study: To evaluate the morpho-physiological changes of Acacia auriculiformis in response to seawater induced salinity stress along with its tolerance limit.

Area of study: Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh.

Material and methods: Three saline treatments (4, 8, 12 dS m-1) were applied to six-month aged Acacia auriculiformis seedlings from January 2014 to June 2014 and the tap water was used as control treatment. To observe salinity effects, the following parameters were measured by using various established techniques: plant height and leaf number, plant biomass, shoot and root distribution as well as shoot and root density, water uptake capacity (WUC), water saturation deficit (WSD) and water retention capacity (WRC), exudation rate, and cell membrane stability.

Main results: Diluted seawater caused a notable reduction in shoot and root distribution in addition to shoot and root density, though plant height, leaf number and plant biomass were found to be decreased to some extent compared to control plants. Water status of the plant also altered when plants were subjected to salinity stress. Nevertheless, membrane stability revealed good findings towards salinity tolerance.

Research highlights: Considering the above facts, despite salinity exerts some negative effects on overall plant performance, interestingly the percent reduction value doesn’t exceed 50% as compared to control plants, and the plants were successful to tolerate salinity stress till the end of the experiment (150 days) through adopting some tolerance mechanisms.

Additional key words: Salt stress; halophytes; growth parameters; WUC; exudation rate; membrane stability.

Abbreviations used: BSMRAU (Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University); RCBD (randomized complete block design); DATI (days after treatment imposition); RWC (relative water content); WUC (water uptake capacity); WSD (water saturation deficit); WRC (water retention capacity); FW (fresh weight); DW (dry weight); TW (turgid weight); ROS (reactive oxygen species). 


Download data is not yet available.



Abeer H, Abd-Allah EF, Alqarawi AA, Alwhibi-Mona S, Alenazi MM, Dilfuza Egamberdieva, Ahmad P, 2015. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi mitigates NaCl induced adverse effects on Solanum lycopersicum L. Pak J Bot 47(1): 327-340.

Abdullah HM, Rahman MM, 2015. Initiating rain water harvest technology for climate change induced drought resilient agriculture: scopes and challenges in Bangladesh. J Agr Eniron Int Dev 109(2): 189-208.

Abdullah HM, Mahboob MG, Rahman MM, Ahmed T, 2015. Monitoring natural sal forest cover in Modhupur, Bangladesh using temporal Landsat imagery during 1972-2015. Int J Enviro 5(1): 1-7.

Akhtar N, Hossainn F, Karim A, 2013. Influence of calcium on water relation of two cultivars of wheat under salt stress. Int J Environ 2(1): 1-8.

Aldesuquy HS, Abo-Hamed SA, Abbas MA, Elhakem AH, 2009. Effect of glycine betaine and salicylic acid on growth and productivity of droughted wheat cultivars. I. Osmolytes in relation to osmotic adjustment and grain yield. J Environ Sci Mansoura University 37: 13-33.

Aldesuquy HS, Baka ZA, El-Shehaby OA, Ghanem HE, 2012. Varietal differences in growth vigor, water relations, protein and nucleic acids content of two wheat varieties grown under seawater stress. J Stress Physiol Biochem 8: 24-47.

Ali A, 2009. Influence of silicon on wheat grown under saline environments. Doctoral thesis, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Ali B, Hayat S, Hasan SA, Hayat Q, Yadav S, Fariduddin Q, Ahmad A, 2008. A role for brassinosteroids in the amelioration of aluminium stress through antioxidant system in mungbean (Vigna radita L. Wilczek). Environ Exp Bot 62: 153-159.

Arduini I, Godbold DG, Onnis A, 1994. Cadmium and copper change root growth and morphology of Pinus pinea and Pinus pinaster seedlings. Physiol Plant 92: 675-680.

Blumwald E, 2000. Sodium transport and salt tolerance in plants. Curr Opin Cell Biol 12: 431-434.

Chopart JL, Le-Mézo L, Mézino M, 2008. Software application for processing root data from impact counts on soil profiles. User Guide, Technol. Document. pp: 26-28.

Chowdhury MQ, Ishiguri F, Hiraiwa T, Takashima Y, Iizuka K, Yokota S, Yoshizawa N, 2013. Anatomical property variation in Acacia auriculiformis growing in Bangladesh. Int Wood Prod J 4(2): 75-80.

da Silva EC, Nogueira RJ, de Araújo FP, de Melo NF, de Azevedo Neto AD, 2008. Physiological responses to salt stress in young umbu plants. Environ Exp Bot 63: 147-157.

Delf EM, 1912. Transpiration in succulent plants. Annals of Bot 26: 409-440.

Edwards C, Read J, Sanso G, 2000. Characterising sclerophylly: some mechanical properties of leaves from heath and forest. Oecologia 123: 158-167.

Gao HJ, Yang HY, Bai JP, Liang XY, Lou Y, Zhang JL, Wang D, Zhang JL, Niu SQ, Chen YL, 2014. Ultrastructural and physiological responses of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plantlets to gradient saline stress. Front Plant Sci 5.

Ghoulam C, Foursy A, Fares K, 2002. Effects of salt stress on growth, inorganic ions and proline accumulation in relation to osmotic adjustment in five sugar beet cultivars. Environ Exp Bot 47: 39-50.

Haque MA, Haque, MM, 2016. Growth, yield and nitrogen use efficiency of new rice variety under variable nitrogen rates. Am J Plant Sci 7 (3): 612-622.

Hasan M, Rahim MA, Islam AKMS, Rahman MM, Rahman MA, Naher N, 2016. Effect of management practices on the growth and yield of lime and lemon. Intl J Biosci 8(6): 22-33.

Hasegawa PM, Bressan RA, Zhu JK, Bohnert HJ, 2000. Plant cellular and molecular responses to high salinity. Annu Rev Plant Biol 51(1): 463-99.

Hashem A, Abd-Allah EF, Alqarawi AA, Alwhibi Mona S, Alenazi MM, Dilfuza E, 2015. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi mitigates NaCl induced adverse effects on Solanum lycopersicum L. Pak J Bot 47(1): 327-340.

Hassanein RA, Hashem HA, Khalil RR, 2012. Stigmasterol treatment increases salt stress tolerance of faba bean plants by enhancing antioxidant systems. Plant Omics 5(5): 476.

Hichem H, Mounir D, Naceur EA, 2009. Differential responses of two maize (Zea mays L.) varieties to salt stress: changes on polyphenols composition of foliage and oxidative damages. Ind Crops Prod 30: 144-151.

Islam AKMS, Nath UK, Rai PK, Rahman MM, Haque MA, Rahman MA, 2016. Genetic study and selection of soybean lines for higher yield. Intl J Biosci 8(2): 209-217.

Islam AKMS, Rana MS, Rahman MM, Mian MJA, Rahman MM, Rahman MA, Naher N, 2016. Growth, yield and nutrient uptake capacity of rice under different sulphur levels. Turkish J Agri.-Food Sci. Techno 4(7): 557-565.

Islam M, Hoque MA, Reza MM, Rahman MM, 2015. Contribution of boron doses on growth and yield of different broccoli genotypes. Int J Sustain Crop Prod 10(2): 14-20.

Islam MZ, Baset MA, Akter A, Rahman MH, 2007. Biochemical attributes of mutant rice under different saline levels. Int J Sustain Crop Prod 2(3): 17-21.

Jennings DH, 1976. The effects of sodium chloride on higher plants. Biol Rev 51: 453-458.

Kabir ME, Hamid A, Haque MM, Nawata E, Karim MA, 2005. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on salinity tolerance of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek). Japanese J Trop Agr 49 (2): 119-125.

Kaya C, Ashraf M, Sonmez O, Aydenir S, Tuna AL, Cullu MA, 2009. The influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization on key growth parameters and fruit yield of pepper plants grown at high salinity. Scient Horticul 121(1): 1-6.

Khan BM, Hossain MK, Mridha MA, 2014. Improving Acacia auriculiformis seedlings using microbial inoculant (Beneficial Microorganisms). J For Res 25(2): 359-364.

Lee MH, Cho EJ, Wi SG, Bae H, 2013. Divergences in morphological changes and antioxidant responses in salt-tolerant and salt-sensitive rice seedlings after salt stress. Plant Physiol Biochem 70: 325-335.

Mahajan S, Tuteja N, 2005. Cold, salinity and drought stresses: an overview. Arch Biochem Biophys 444: 139-158.

Mahmood K, Sarwar G, Hussain N, Schmeisky H, Muhammad S, 2009. Effect of soil salinity and sodicity on growth parameters of Acacia ampliceps. Pak J Agric Res 22: 3-4.

Munns R, 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant Cell Environ 25: 239-250.

Munns R, Tester M, 2008. Mechanisms of salt tolerance, Annu Rev Plant Biol 59: 651-681.

Netondo GW, Onyango JC, Beck E, 2004. Sorghum and salinity. I. Response of growth, water relations and ion accumulation to NaCl salinity. Crop Sci 44: 797-805.

Nosetto MD, Acosta AM, Jayawickreme DH, Ballesteros SI, Jackson RB, Jobbágy EG, 2013. Land-use and topography shape soil and groundwater salinity in central Argentina. Agric Water Manag 129: 120-129.

Papadopoulos I, 1987. Effects of residual soil salinity resulting from irrigation with sulphate waters on lettuce. Plant Soil 97(2): 171-177.

Parida AK, Das AB, Mittra B, 2004. Effects of salt on growth, ion accumulation photosynthesis and leaf anatomy of the mangrove, Bruguiera parviflora. Trees-Struct Funct 18: 167-174.

Pessarakli M, Tucker T, 1985. Uptake of nitrogen-15 by cotton under salt stress. Soil Sci Soc Am J 49: 149-152.

Qureshi TM, Aslam M, Hussain F, Ashraf MY, 2000. Performance of Eucalyptus camaldulensis under different types of salt-affected soils. Int J Agri Biol 2(1): 45.

Radi AA, Farghaly FA, Hamada AM, 2013. Physiological and biochemical responses of salt-tolerant and salt-sensitive wheat and bean cultivars to salinity. J Biol Earth Sci 3(1): 72-88.

Sairam RK, 1994. Effects of homobrassinolide application on plant metabolism and grain yield under irrigated and moisture stress conditions of two wheat varieties. Plant Growth Regul 14: 173-181.

Sangakkara UR, Hartwig UA, Nösberger J, 1996. Response of root branching and shoot water potentials of french beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to soil moisture and fertilizer potassium.J Agron Crop Sci 177(3): 165-173.

Seckin B, Turkan I, Sekmen AH, Ozfidan C, 2010. The role of antioxidant defense systems at differential salt tolerance of Hordeum marinum (sea barley grass) and Hordeum vulgare L. (cultivated barley). Environ and Exp Bot 69: 76-85.

Shukla SR, Rao RV, Sharma SK, Kumar P, Sudheendra R, Shashikala S, 2007. Physical and mechanical properties of plantation-grown Acacia auriculiformis of three different ages. J Aust For 70(2): 86-92.

Sohail M, Saied AS, Gebauer J, Buerkert A, 2010. Effect of NaCl Salinity on Growth and Mineral Composition of Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Willd. J Agr Rural Dev Trop 110(2): 107-14.

Sohel MH, Miah MR, Mohiuddin SJ, Islam AKMS, Rahman MM, Haque MA, 2016. Correlation and path coefficient analysis of blackgram (Vigna mungo L.). J Biosci Agric Res 07(2): 621-629.

Taiz L, Zeiger E, 2006. Plant physiology, 4th edition, Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, UK.

Tanji KK, 1990. Agricultural Salinity Assessment and Managements, ASCE Manual and Reports on Engineering Practice No. 71. American Society of Civil Engineers, New York.

Teakle NL, Tyerman SD, 2010. Mechanisms of Cl− transport contributing to salt tolerance. Plant Cell Environ 33: 566-589.

Tham MW, Liew KC, 2012. Optimization of extraction conditions with respect to temperature and methanol solvent for sapwood, heartwood and bark extract of Acacia auriculiformis. J Indian Acad Wood Sci 9(2): 101-104.

Tuna AL, Kaya C, Altunlu H, Ashraf M, 2013. Mitigation effects of non-enzymatic antioxidants in maize (Zea mays L.) plants under salinity stress. Aust J Crop Sci. 7(8): 1181.

Tuna AL, Kaya C, Ashraf M, Altunlu H, Yokas I, Yagmur B, 2007. The effects of calcium sulphate on growth, membrane stability and nutrient uptake of tomato plants grown under salt stress. Environ Exper Bot 59: 173-178.

Welch ME, Rieseberg LH, 2002. Habitat divergence between a homoploid hybrid sunflower species, Helianthus paradoxus (Asteraceae), and its progenitors. Am J Bot 89: 472-479.

Witkoswski ETF, Lamont BB, 1991. Leaf specific mass confounds leaf density and thickness. Oecologia 84: 362-370.

Xu F, Li L, Huang X, Cheng H, Wang Y, Cheng S, 2010. Antioxidant and antibacterial properties of the leaves and stems of Premna microphylla. J Med Plant Res 4: 2544-2550.

How to Cite
Haque, M. A., Rahman, M. M., Nihad, S. A. I., Amin Howlader, M. R., & Akand, M. M. H. (2016). Morpho-physiological response of Acacia auriculiformis as influenced by seawater induced salinity stress. Forest Systems, 25(3), e071.
Research Articles